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Courtyard Culture

Beijing Courtyard, as the old Beijing people living in the main building mode, well-known at home and abroad, the world is known!

Courtyard, also known as Sihefang, is a Han traditional courtyard-style building with a pattern of houses built on four sides of a courtyard, usually composed of the main house, east-west wing and upstairs houses, surrounded by courtyards from the four sides, hence the name Courtyard Since the official capital of Yuan Dynasty, Beijing, large-scale planning and construction of the capital city, the courtyard and Beijing's palace, office, neighborhood, Square Lane and alley appeared at the same time. According to Yuan Meng Xiong Mengxiang, "Analysis of Jin Chi" contains: "Street system, since the South as the North that the scriptures, from east to west that latitude. Street twenty-four step wide, 384 fire Lane, two Nineteenth Street pass. "Here the so-called" street "that we now call alley, alley, alley and alley is for the subjects to build residential land. At that time, Kublai Kublai, the elders of the Yuan Shizu, who had lived in the old capital of the capital for a long time, first paid high (rich people) and resided for office (serving in the court) Jia Jing moved to Beijing to build houses, Beijing's traditional courtyard houses large-scale formation that started. Therefore, the Beijing Siheyuan bird's-eye view from the air, like four separate small box enclosing a courtyard. Although Siheyuan is a residential building, it contains profound cultural connotations and is a carrier of Chinese traditional culture. The construction of the courtyard is very feng shui, feng shui theory, is actually the ancient Chinese architectural environment, is an important part of the traditional Chinese architectural theory; courtyard decoration, carving, painting is also embodies the folk customs and traditional culture everywhere, showing that people Happy, wealthy, auspicious pursuit and yearning.